Standing on Piazza della Rotonda, alongside a sixteenth-century fountain by Giacomo della Porta, it is one of the best preserved historical buildings in the city.
Originally built by Agrippa in 27 BC, it eventually became a Christian church and mausoleum. Pantheon is Greek for “temple of all gods.” In ancient times, it was a place of worship – where people could pray to Jupiter, Venus, Neptune, Mercury, Pluto and Saturn.
It consists of a round, hemispherical dome and is devoid of windows. Light is let in by the “oculus”- a single opening 9 meters wide at the center of the dome. During Pentecost, red petals are dropped from the oculus, showering the people inside and is meant to symbolize the Holy Spirit coming down from the sky.
In ancient times, the end of the harvest was celebrated by a Christian feast commemorating the descent of the Holy Spirit on Our Lady and the Apostles.
The Basilica is open weekdays from 9:00am to 7:15 pm.
On Sunday from 9:00am to 5:45pm.
On public holidays that fall on a weekday the Basilica will stay open from 9:00am to 12:45pm.
Closed on: January 1st , May 1st and the 25th December.